In some cases, scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) may be advised for the purpose of inhibiting infection and inflammation of gum tissue caused by oral bacteria and also for stimulation of gingival growth. This procedure is slightly invasive in nature and so local anesthesia is administered to reduce pain and uneasiness.
Scaling is the most common non-surgical way to treat gum disease, also known as periodontitis. This will remove plaque and tartar from your teeth and help your gums regain health. If you have severe periodontal disease, and your condition requires a gum surgery, your dentist and periodontist may recommend scaling and root planing before the surgery.